jazz.gifNow that the Civil War is over, we see that music seems to make it's appearance in the everyday lives of African Americans. Ragtime, Jazz, and Blues seemed to have been the most recognized. This new type of music was seen as moving art, that inspired people and gave them a new hope. We'll see how these new types for music came to life and which ones survived through this Jim Crow period, and even into the present day.

Both Jazz and Blues were types of music that originated in Africa, with European influence. Jazz music came to be sometime during the slave years, and was used as a form if resistance against the slave masters. The origination of Blues music is unknown, but it is known that it came firm Africa and was known throughout the south. Both types of music are both different, but compliment each other at the same time. With Jazz is a usually a more upbeat type of music that can be used for dance. While on the other hand Blues is more of a slow rhythmic type of music that is usually sad and depressing, hence the names the Blues.Below is an example of Blues music.
blues.jpg
From then on we saw artist such as Koko Taylor, Muddy Waters, John Lee Hooker, Willie Dixon, Howlin' Wolf, and many more artists who began to make their marks in the Blues world.















Below are two videos comparing and contrasting the styles of Blues and Jazz. The first video is a Blues song called I'd Rather Go Blind, originally sung by Etta James but sung by Beyoncé Knowles. The second video is a jazz song called It Don't Mean a Thing by Dela Reese.

Not only had cities in the south become home to the blues culture, we saw it transform into an international type of music for all to enjoy. In the UK, the British blues had been established with new artists such as Fleetwood Mac, The Rolling Stones, and Cream. Then in the 1950's one artist named Bo Diddley who was am African American who layed the foundation for many up and coming musicians like Jimmi Hendrix. Bo Diddley was most famous for the "Bo Diddley beat", which can still be found in comtemporary song today.

List carefully to the video and see how many you songs you recognize from this.



Ragtime was a type of music that was based upon the rhythms of the African music and he musical performances of American music with African instruments. Although ragtime was sometimes played on other instruments, it was written to be played on the piano. Scott Joplin was the originator of ragtime music. He had done so by playing the syncopations played on a banjo and writing them for the piano. He mixed his knowledge of classical music and African music to form ragtime music. Because of the fascinating rhythms and complicated syncopations of the piano this type of music became close to when it originated, in the 1890’s it became less and less popular as jazz became more and more popular.

Jazz is the type of music that over took ragtime music. With its appealing and relaxing melodies jazz became the general music for African-Americans all around the country during at the beginning of the twentieth century. Between jazz and ragtime were many differences as well as similarities. For example, jazz and ragtime are both blends of different types of music but the blends are different. (Ragtime: American music and African music. Jazz: African and European music.) . jazz was different from ragtime in other ways. It used instruments other than piano such as: trumpet(along with other brass instruments), and drums. Aside from those differences there was another. Ragtime was composed while most of jazz was improvised. Jazz also included vocal performances. These performances would be sang as if the voices were instruments. There were sometimes words but most of the time there was a type of singing called scatting. It was a different type of singing that included very little words but fragments of words. Examples of jazz singers are Billie Holiday, and Ella Fitzgerald.

Here are some links to learn more about blues and jazz.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues
http://videos.howstuffworks.com/hsw/20738-the-history-of-jazz-blues-ragtime-and-dixieland-video.htm
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=SEIGiIvLurs

Sources:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jazz
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Blues
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IRrBihMJbZo
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HICsPNm2ARY&feature=PlayList&p=6241A545CE7AAAF0&index=69
African American History Book