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“I will not begin at this late day by doing what my soul abhars; sugaring men, weak deceitful creatures, with flattery to retain them as escorts or to gratify a revenge.”

-IDA B. WELLS
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The Ida B.Wells house.




QUESTION TO REMEMBER:

What much of an impact did Ida B. Wells have on the Civil Rights Movement? What did she do?



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Early Life
Ida B. Wells was born July 16, 1862 in Holly Springs, Mississippi. Unlike many people involved in the Abolitionist Movement, Wells was not a free African American. Both of Ida's parents were slaves, and if not for the Civil War, they still probably would have been. When she was 16, tragedy stuck her family, the Yellow Fever Epidemic that swept the United States affected most of her family, her parents as well as her younger brother died from the sickness.



Mid- Life

Ida B. Wells did many things after what happened to her family. Soon after the death of her parents she dropped out of schoolx18973.jpg
and became a school teacher, which she lied about her age saying she was 18 to obtain her license. In 1884 Wells purchased a first-class ticket for a train, which was for whites only. The conductor then told her that she had to leave and go to the "Jim Crow" car. She refused and was forcefully removed from the train. Wells later then sued the railroad, and surprisingly to many, she won her lawsuit. Wells wrote for her local church's letter, she was offered a full-time job and part ownership of the "Memphis Free Speech and Headlight" in 1887, soon changed to the "Free Press." Ida soon became full owner of the newspaper.






Anti- Racism/ Civil Rights

Wells soon lost her teaching position in 1891 because she wrote about the school system in her reports. Wells really became involved in 1892. Three of her friends were owners of a store in Memphis were confronted by white men who said they were stealing business from them. At the end of their fight it left 3 white men shot, all 3 of her friends were jailed. A lynching mob came to that jail and all 3 of them were lynched in the middle of a field. Wells then became a big anti-lynching supported. Wells wrote for the "New York Age" newspaper under the pen name Lola. Wells also one of the people who founded the NAACP. In 1895 she moved to Chicago and married Fredrick Barnett. While in Chicago, Ida B. Wells- Barnett continue to organize African American women and reform organizations. One of her main feats in Chicago was that, with the help of Jane Addams, stopped the development of segregated schools.

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Question Answer:
There is no specific answer to this question in particular. Ida B. Wells did a lot for anti-lynching and Civil Rights in America. She influenced many people with her words and writings to side with her. She was considered a "hero before her time" by many because of the train situation and how it directly relates to Rosa Parks and the bus company. Ida B. Wells helped establish the National Association for the Advancement of Colored Peoples (NAACP) and established housing and helped support troubled people around her. All in all Ida B. Wells had a huge impact on the Civil Rights Movement for all of the help and all that she did for colored people.


Bibliography:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ida_B._Wells
http://www.duke.edu/~ldbaker/classes/AAIH/caaih/ibwells/ibwbkgrd.html
http://www.lkwdpl.org/wihohio/barn-ida.htm
http://womenshistory.about.com/od/wellsbarnett/a/ida_b_wells.htm
http://www.infoplease.com/ipa/A0800629.html


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