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QUESTION

"How did the Harlem Renaissance visual arts, music, and poetry?"




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QUICK FACTS:

*Renaissance means: rebirth of music, arts, poetry, and creativity.
*Harlem Renaissance was an African American Cultural Movement that took place in Harlem New York.
*Was primarily a literacy movement, but had a tremendous effect on poetry, and music.
*The Harlem Renaissance didn't only appeal to African Americans, but Whites also.
*"Jazz" music was made from the Harlem Renaissance.
*The "Blues" was made to express the hard times blacks went through and love.
*The Harlem Renaissance was often called the "Roaring Twenties."
*Blacks moved to Harlem to get jobs since they were unemployed due to the Civil War.
*All races were now determined equal.
*Jazz and Blues music were now performed in Harlem bars and cabarets by African Americans.
*Blacks were given their chance to rule over whites in the music industry.
*The piano was a major instrument in all types of music
*Blacks took this chance to be different from the Europeans
*The Apollo Theatre was an important place during the Harlem Renaissance, as well as the Cotton Club
[each gave African Americans a place to perform and express themselves]
*Apollo Theatre helps blacks start musical careers and gives them opportunities.
*Blacks had the right to express their feelings through their plays, art, poetry, and music.
*More music was made for listening instead of only dancing like earlier in the era
.




WATCH THIS VIDEO:










VERY IMPORTANT PEOPLE OF THE HARLEM RENAISSANCE:


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LANGSTON HUGHES
- 1902 to 1967
- Langston Hughes is famous for his work as an American Poet and writer.
- Made a film about African Americans treatment in the U.S. at the Soviet Union.
- Made the famous poem "I Too Sing America."
- Received a B.A. Degree from Lincoln University.
- Spent 3 months at the integrated University of Chicago Laboratory Schools.
- The NAACP awarded Hughes with "distinguishing honors as an African American," in 1960.- Langston Hughes is now known in history as one of the greatest writers of all time.





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BILLIE HOLIDAY
- 1915 to age 1959.
-Appeared in various Harlem clubs with singer Laurence Jackson.
- Cuts her first record at the age of 18.
- Intoroduces the songs "strange fruit" and "god bless the child" in 1939.
[these songs were based upon horrible acts of racism & segregation in U.S.]
- Was inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame.
- Starred along side Duke Ellington.
- wrote songs against the acts of prejudice.




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GWENDOLYN B. BENNETT
- 1902 to 1982
- Poet, short story writer, teacher, journalist,etc.
- Recognized as a versatile artist and significant figure in the Harlem Renaissance.






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DUKE ELLINGTON
- 1899 to 1974.
- Recorded with John Coltrane.
- Played frequently at burlesque theaters and pool halls.
- Wrote the famous song "It Don't Mean A Thing If It Ain't Got That Swing."
- Recorded the famous song "Take the A-Train."
- Formed many bands and groups during the Harlem Renaissance.
- Played Ragtime, Jazz, and Blues music.



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JOSEPHINE BAKER
- Began as a "Chorus Dancer."
- Headed to New York during the Harlem Renaissance.
- Performed for the troops during the French Revolution.
- Was a secret agent for the French and transferred information.
- She opened in Paris as an "erotic dancer."
- She refused to perform for segregated audiences.
- She forced the military to integrate to see her shows.
- She became a French citizen due to her treatment in America as a citizen.
- Supported the Civil Rights Movement in the 1950's.
- She protested against racism in her own way by adopting 12 multi-ethnic orphans, who she called the "Rainbow Tribe."
- Known as a very big role model and amazing entertainer to millions.













PICTURES


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LINKS FOR MORE:



SOURCES:


  • Pictures and Video

  1. Welcome to Ephemera Press. 01 June 2009 <http://www.ephemerapress.com>.

  2. BLIP TV - video by Mat Kemp.

  • Information//

  1. "Harlem Renaissance - MSN Encarta." MSN Encarta : Online Encyclopedia, Dictionary, Atlas, and Homework. 01 June 2009 <http://encarta.msn.com/encyclopedia_761566483/harlem_renaissance.html>.
  2. "Harlem Renaissance -." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. 01 June 2009 <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Harlem_renaissance>.
  3. "Harlem Renaissance Music." 1920's Fashion and Music. 01 June 2009 <http://www.1920s-fashion-and-music.com/Harlem-Renaissance-music.html>.
  4. "Songs of the soul: the Harlem Renaissance, 1920-1935 - Special Report - Statistical Data Included | Current Events | Find Articles at BNET." Find Articles at BNET | News Articles, Magazine Back Issues & Reference Articles on All Topics. 01 June 2009 <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EPF/is_18_101/ai_82650370/>.
  5. "Songs of the soul: the Harlem Renaissance, 1920-1935 - Special Report - Statistical Data Included | Current Events | Find Articles at BNET." Find Articles at BNET | News Articles, Magazine Back Issues & Reference Articles on All Topics. 01 June 2009 <http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EPF/is_18_101/ai_82650370/>.
  6. "What differentiates Music during The Harlem Renaissance from any other time period?" Music of the Harlem Renaissance. 01 June 2009 <http://harlemhistory30.blogspot.com/2008/01/what-differentiates-music-during-harlem.html>.
  7. "Gwendolyn Bennett's Life and Career." Welcome to English « Department of English, College of LAS, University of Illinois. 06 June 2009 <http://www.english.illinois.edu/Maps/poets/a_f/bennett/life.htm>.
8. "People of the Harlem Renaissance." Tredyffrin/Easttown School District. 06 June 2009 <http://www.tesd.k12.pa.us/stoga/dept/Barry/Barry5/Mariah%27s%20group/literature/Webpages/people.htm>.
9. "People of the Harlem Renaissance." Tredyffrin/Easttown School District. 06 June 2009 <http://www.tesd.k12.pa.us/stoga/dept/Barry/Barry5/Mariah's%20group/literature/Webpages/people.htm>.
10. and last but not least: wikipedia...which is for sissies might i add! :]